Update: – Marvell licenses VeriSilicon DSP cores [Feb 13, 2012]
SAN FRANCISCO—Marvell Technology Group Ltd. has signed a licensing agreement for VeriSilicon Holdings Co. Ltd.’s ZSP G3 intellectual property cores, including the dual-MAC ZSP800M and ZSP880M synthesizable DSP cores, VeriSilicon said Monday (Feb. 13). Financial terms of the deal were not disclosed.
Marvell is also using VeriSilicon’s quad-MAC ZSP800 core and suite of HD-audio software solutions in the ARMADA 1000 HD media processor SoC and the recently introduced Marvell ARMADA 1500 media processor SoC, VeriSilicon (Santa Clara, Calif.) said. These chips are designed for applications such as Blu-ray players, digital media adapters, HD-STB and HDTVs.
According to VeriSilion, the dual-MAC ZSP architecture offers a balance of high performance, power efficiency and lower cost to support the increasing feature convergence in mobile and digital entertainment products and enable prolonged battery life. The company claims its products offer ease of use and strong customer support.
“We are quite impressed with the area and power efficiency of the dual-MAC ZSP800M core, combined with the ease of programming on the ZSP architecture,” said Ivan Lee, vice president of mobile products at Marvell, in a statement. “VeriSilicon’s ZSP-based HD-audio and voice software solutions will provide us with faster time-to-market advantages necessary to meet the growing demands of the mobile platform solutions for use in tablets and smartphones.”
Marvell’s Cutting-Edge Application Processors [Jan 10, 2012]
From [2:45] the so-called hybrid multiprocessing technology is mentioned with showing the above architecture. It was introduced back in September 2010 with ARMADA 628 (see: Marvell ARMADA beats Qualcomm Snapdragon, NVIDIA Tegra and Samsung/Apple Hummingbird in the SoC market [again] [Sept 23, 2010 - Jan 17, 2011]) at the time when Marvell was working on the earlier ARMADA 610 (see also in the indicated post) for the RIM Blackberry Playbook. Six month into the project RIM dumped the 610 for a TI SoC, but even with that was only able to deliver the stable version of its new QNX software on version 2, missing the crucial 2010 Holiday season. While rumors of that time blamed Marvell for that, according to a current view: “It appears that the failures are largely RIM’s, and often software related. The Marvell processors, when used, seem to work well.“
The first larger scale win for ARMADA 610 was the VIZIO VTAB1008 8″ tablet operating with Android, made available in August 2011 (see: Innovative entertainment class [Android] tablet from VIZIO plus a unified UX for all cloud based CE devices, from TVs to smartphones [Aug 21, 2011 - Jan 7, 2012]). This tablet is shown earlier in the above video (from [0:19] to [1:24]). The ARMADA 628 still has to arrive in a tablet which probably will happen only late in 2012 on Android (as “The company looks at the tablets market as ‘saturated’ and is avoiding it for the next couple quarters“, see below) and might happen in Q4 as the earliest on Windows 8 as hinted explicitly below by Marvell. This is just a possibility (but a very big opportunity for OEMs considering the obvious maturity of 628), nothing more, as any OEM engagement currently under way might end up in a market relased product, or not (as in the case of Playbook with ARMADA 610).
Note: in the above video instead of ARMADA the earlier PXA branding is used by Marvell’s Allen Leibovitch. Jack Kang in charge of the Application Processors business is also using the PXA branding, as you could read below.
After the First real chances for Marvell on the tablet and smartphone fronts [Aug 21, 2011 – Jan 19, 2012], so far in the Android, Google TV, educational (more edu) and OPhone spaces, here is the next large scale opportunity for the company. With the young and entrepreneurial Jack Kang in charge since H2CY2010, who has an excellent earlier track record with Microsoft via the hugely successfull Microsoft Kinect application SoC effort, there is a real chance for the company to conclude with platform wins the reported below new engagements with both Microsoft and Nokia in 2012:
Exclusive: Marvell Says it Will Find a Home in Chinese Windows Phones [DailyTech, Jan 31, 2012]
Marvell also hints at possible Windows 8 tablets/laptops
We had an interesting chat with the Marvell Technology Group, Ltd. (MRVL).
Marvell is perhaps best known as the company that took the Xscale ARM division off of Intel Corp.’s (INTC) hands in 2006. During the modern smartphone era, Marvell has been a quiet competitor, overshadowed by companies like Qualcomm Inc. (QCOM) and Samsung Electronics Comp., Ltd. (KS:005930) which have pushed the smartphone processing power envelope more aggressively.
By contrast Marvell has focused on budget smartphones. It is in most of Research in Motion, Ltd.’s (TSE:RIM) BlackBerry smartphones. These budget smartphones have led it to strong sales in Indonesia and China.
Marvell has done well in China, thanks to close ties with RIM and Nokia.
[Image Source: BlackBerry Rocks]
Interestingly, the American company sees China as perhaps its most valuable market. Jack Kang, director of Marvell’s applications processor business unit states, “China was a very strategic investment.”
With Windows Phones set to land in China later this year in budget smartphones, Mr. Kang is making a bold prediction — “If there’s Windows Phones in China, there will probably be Windows Phones with Marvell in China.”
That would be a major market event as thus far Qualcomm has been the exclusive ARM chipmaker partner of Windows Phone. While Windows Phone has struggled in the U.S. where key Windows Phone partner Nokia Oyj. (HEL:NOK1V) has virtually no market share, in China Nokia is the top smartphone maker, so a switch to Marvell ARM cores would be quite a coup.
Nokia is the top phonemaker in China, thus it’s crucial that Marvell gets in Nokia’s new Chinese Windows Phones when it makes the shift later this year. [Image Source: M.I.C. Gadget]
Mr. Kang feels his firm’s biggest strength is providing “quality low-cost devices”. While it doesn’t bake discrete Wi-Fi circuitry into some of its system-on-a-chip devices, it says this approach works in markets like Indonesia or rural China where there’s plentiful 3G but sparse Wi-Fi coverage.
Marvell current produces single and dual-core chips, with the smartphone-aimed ARMADA family. Despite competitors like Qualcomm and NVIDIA Corp. (NVDA) jumping to quad core, Marvell says that approach doesn’t make sense. Mr. Kang comments, “We don’t think quad core makes sense at 40 [nm] from a power perspective, from a price perspective.”
Marvell’s ARMADA series ARM CPUs power smartphones and mobile devices like the ARM OLPC variant. [Image Source: OLPC.tv]
He says that Marvell is tentatively slotted to release quad-core designs when it hits 28 nm in mid-2013. The chipmaker uses Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Comp., Ltd.’s (TPE:2330) third-party fabrication services. TSMC has struggled at the 28 nm node, delivering low yields and in turn higher costs — a combination that doesn’t work with Marvell’s business model — hence the delay.
Marvell feels that the fact that it takes its ARM license and build a unique core from the ground up using the ARM instruction set gives it an advantage over competitors like NVIDIA that simply take the core licensed from ARM Holdings plc (LON:ARM), but don’t do a complete redesign.
The company looks at the tablets market as “saturated” and is avoiding it for the next couple quarters, although it did seem distraught at losing RIM’s PlayBook to Texas Instruments Inc. (TXN), another U.S. chipmaker.
Mr. Kang hinted Marvell may jump on the tablet bandwagon or even release budget ARM laptops in Q4 2012 when Windows 8 arrives — and with it the first-ever ARM CPU support for a Windows main line operating system. He comments, “Microsoft already said Windows 8 will run on ARM. And we build ARM devices, so….”
Marvell hints it may be cooking up ARM Windows 8 tablets/laptops, too.
This move would make sense because Marvell has been involved with the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC) project in producing an ARM (Marvell) powered design. It has also played with low cost Linux laptops for years.
The company also showed off a (Android 3.2) “Honeycomb” television set, which it plans to target as an introduction to Internet TV in budget markets like China. This was a reference design, whereas Marvell would partner with a traditional TV maker for production designs.
The Honeycomb set uses Marvell’s latest dual-core chip, which contains an extra low-power core to conserve energy during simpler tasks. The power savings approach mirrors that found in Tegra 3. In that sense Marvell’s dual-core is technically a tri-core, much as NVIDIA’s quad-core is technically a penta-core.
There could indeed be a real 2012 opportunity for Marvell as Nokia CEO Stephen Elop highlighted in an answer to questions about the Quarter 4 results last week (Nokia Quarter 4 results 2011 webcast [Nokia, Jan 26, 2012]):
on China dynamics:
… The Chinese operators are increasingly, on accellerated basis entering into structures where there’s effectively retail rate plan bundling is going on at the store. The operators are driving very hard for the volume of 3G data subscribers. And this is not necessary an economic measure as it is driving volume on certain networks for certain technologies. I think those targets are probably set more broadly for all of the operators [he could mean: by the state, as all three operators are majority owned by the state]. And the impact of that is that they are discovering that with very low priced devices on certain radio technologies they can drive a lot of volume at those levels. And so we are seeing, for example, a very significant uptake in a number of low-priced devices that are on CDMA, there’s also a very significant focus on the Chinese technology TD-SCDMA, again all of the low levels ought to drive those volumes. My comment in the prepared remarks is that Symbian is not well positioned today against that. We do not have Symbian CDMA products at all, so we are not participating in that part of the market. So as that part of the market grows our addressable market has gone down because of that. In TD-SCDMA we do have some products in that space but not at the price points and configurations that is the real focus of this market. …
… We have not yet announced our specific products for the Chinese market but I will say that when we first announced our launch plans, I think all the way back in October, we did highlight that we would have CDMA based Windows Phone products and TD-SCDMA Windows Phone products. That thing said it is the case that we have work to do to successively drive the prices down further and further and further. That will take a bit of time but this is clearly the pattern you are going to see us on the months ahead. …
[I have a couple of deep and current analysis on that:
– The new, high-volume market in China is ready to define the 2012 smartphone war [Jan 6, 2012]
– China TD-SCDMA and W-CDMA 3G subscribers by the end of 2011: China Mobile lost its original growth momentum [Jan 21, 2012]
– China becoming the lead market for mobile Internet in 2012/13 [Dec 1, 2011]]
High performance SOC handles HD media [Jan 6, 2012]
The ARMADA 1500 HD media SOC decodes high-definition advanced multi-format video and audio using it’s dual ARMv7 compatible PJ4B 1.2 GHz processors with symmetric multi-processing and DSP accelerators. The chip targets IP/cable/satellite set-top boxes, advanced Blu-Ray players, digital media adapters, Google TV, and DTV applications.
The SOCs processors yield 6,000 DMIPS. It includes a secure boot ROM and USB, Fast Ethernet, HDMI, SATA, and SDIO interfaces, plus a 32-bit DDR3 at 800 MHz interface. The chips security engine handles OTP, RNG, AES/(3), DES, RSA, SHA-1, and MD5 and a comprehensive software development kit is available. (No price given – available now.)
See also my other posts regarding the other high volume opportunities for Marvell:
– Marvell® ARMADA® PXA168 based XO laptops and tablets from OLPC with $185 and target $100 list prices respectively [Jan 8, 2012]
– Google’s revitalization of its Android-based TV effort via Marvell SoC and reference design [Jan 5, 2012]
(the VIZIO VAP430 Stream Player, introduced below, is likely based on that)
– VIZIO’s two pronged strategy: Android based V.I.A. Plus device ecosystem + Windows based premium PC entertainment [Jan 11, 2012]
Background on Marvell’s relationship with Microsoft
A Cal ‘Kinect-ion’ [Innovations by UC Berkeley College of Engineering, Nov 9, 2011]
Some engineers wait a lifetime for a project like the one that Jack Kang (B.S.’04 EECS) landed when he was barely 26.
In the fall of 2008, Kang was settling into a new marketing position [Technical Marketing Manager] at Marvell, a Santa Clara-based semiconductor company, when Microsoft came knocking with a mysterious assignmentfor the company. Working on an undisclosed product, the computing giant needed a team to design a complex chip for manufacture on a massive scale.
“This project was very secretive,” recalls Kang, who had shifted from hands-on chip design to marketing management at Marvell. Marvell got the Microsoft contract, but “we didn’t really know what it was for,” says Kang. Many months into the development of a specialized microprocessor—often touted as a system’s “brains”—he got his answer. The mystery chip was destined for Kinect, Microsoft’s controller-free and immensely popular electronic game sensor device.
Introduced last November, Kinect uses sophisticated visual and voice recognition to run electronic games, movies and other entertainment. A companion to Microsoft’s Xbox 360 video gaming system, it became the fastest-selling consumer electronics gadget in history, selling 8 million devices in 60 days.
Kinect’s appeal came as no surprise to Kang. “It was a giant leap,” he says of the technology that lets users interact with media through body motions and voice commands. In fact, when Kang first learned about Kinect, he was so dazzled by the concept that he wondered if it could actually be pulled off.
His work on the Kinect chip spanned two years. Acting as the project champion in a “do-whatever-it-takes” capacity, Kang managed the effort from the earliest negotiations through a series of designs to manufacturing. In all, more than 100 Marvell chip designers, marketing representatives, software engineers and othersparticipated in a process that witnessed its share of evolutionary curveballs.
For the first six months, the Marvell team focused on what Kang believes would have been one of the most powerful mobile or consumer chips on the market. Shortly after the chip was completed, Microsoft asked for an even higher performing version. But the company soon switched course, deciding to put more of the computing functions into the Xbox instead of Kinect, Kang says.
Ultimately, Marvell engineers were asked to build a general purpose chip capable of controlling voice recognition and sending data to the Xbox. The team wound up modifying a chip already in development. That chip, as it turned out, was one that Kang had helped design in his earlier capacity as a Marvell engineer.
PHOTO BY ABBY COHN
Excited by his role in unleashing Kinect, Kang sees many possibilities for human-machine interaction. “We’re just at the tip of the iceberg of what this device can do,” he says, envisioning future Kinect systems that help the disabled and the elderly, and play a role in medical treatment and procedures.
Beyond Kinect’s intended use for home entertainment, the $150 system has already triggered a flood of creative applications for its cameras, 3-D sensing and other features. At UC Berkeley, graduate student Patrick Bouffard installed a Kinect on a small four-rotor robotic helicopter to enable it to sense its height above the floor and detect objects in its way. Other concepts have included video-conferencing, surveillance and a navigational aid for the blind.
With his boyish smile and animated personality, Kang, now 29, is at least a decade younger than most of his professional peers. He has developed 11 patents, mostly in the field of CPU (central processing unit) technology. “Everything I needed to know I learned in CS152!” he quips. Kang took that computer architecture and engineering class at Berkeley Engineering and became a teaching assistant his senior year.
Born in Taiwan and raised in the South Bay, Kang was drawn to a career at the intersection of engineering and business. “I felt you could have more of an impact,” he says. At Berkeley, he minored in business administration and was powerfully influenced by his experience as a TA. Hired as a Marvell engineer in February 2006, he was increasingly tapped to showcase company products in technical presentations for clients. “I had the mindset of marketing,” says Kang, who also enjoyed the social interaction that came with it.
Twice promoted since 2008, Kang now serves as director of Marvell’s application processor business unit. Today, with a 12-member staff, Kang manages Marvell product lines for e-readers, gaming, education, tabletsand other devices. Long gone is a work schedule with room for lunchtime volleyball and soccer games. “There’s always someone up in some time zone,” Kang observes.
Kang is eager for the next project of Kinect-like proportions to come his way. “Technology is always evolving,” he says. “I certainly hope I have something that beats it.”
Marvell: Lazard Says Buy On Kinect, TD-SCDMA Opportunities [Tech Trader Daily, June 20, 2011]
… Lazard Capital Markets analyst Daniel Amirraised the stock to Buy from Neutral …
Marvell’s sales of chips into China’s home-brewed TD-SCDMA cellular network standard, which is being developed by China Mobile (CHL), and backed by the government, is perhaps underestimated by the Street.
Marvell could produce $90 million in revenue this year from those chip sales, and $151 million next year, but it could actually go as high as $202 million next year, he thinks. The Street has just $80 million modeled for this year, on average.
Moreover, the company’s sales into Microsoft’s (MSFT) “Kinect” gaming accessory are “opening new doors” for Marvell in the mobile and wireless business, he thinks, which may help Marvell catch up after missing earlier tablet and smartphone bids. Kinect will probably produce $104 million in revenue for Marvell this year, up from $64 million last year, on Kinect units of 16 million, Amir thinks.
[Microsoft Reports Record Revenue of $20.9 Billion in Second Quarter [Microsoft press release, Jan 19, 2012]: “The Xbox 360 installed base now totals approximately 66 million consoles and 18 million Kinect sensors”]
Teardown: Kinect has processor after all [EE Times, Nov 15, 2010]
Despite Microsoft Corp.’s claims to the contrary, its new Kinect motion-gaming ad-on for the Xbox 360 uses a standalone applications processor marketed by Marvell Technology Group Ltd. , according to a teardown analysis of the Kinect performed by UBM TechInsights.
TechInsights’ teardown uncovered within Kinect a Marvell PXA 168 applications processor, a part usually found in notebook computers. In September, Microsoft reportedly said it decided not to use a dedicated processor in Kinect. Instead, the company reportedly said the peripheral would harness the power of the processor within the Xbox.
Microsoft (Redmond, Wash.) did not immediately respond to request for comment about the discrepancy.
TechInsights analysts concluded that Microsoft’s head fake means the company has bigger plans to make Kinect more of a platform for applications beyond gaming, or that the company was simply trying to prevent the device from being hacked. The Kinect has reportedly already been hacked multiple times.
The analysts also believe that Microsoft may have underestimated the resource demand on the 360 console processor and was forced into using a laptop-equivalent processor to integrate the imaging, sensing, motor-drive and control functions and orchestrate I/O and communications between the Kinect and Xbox 360. It’s also possible that the processor was required to support the spatial aspects of Kinect’s multiple microphones, they said.
“It’s difficult to identify exactly what the Marvell processor accomplishes on the Kinect as investigation on how the firmware and software manage all control and processing functions and how they could be localized/virtualized to the Xbox haven’t been investigated yet,” said Allan Yogasingam, a technical marketing manager at TechInsights. “Regardless, Microsoft has created a product that takes full advantage of all its components to provide an innovative gaming experience. The existence of this Marvell processor just opens the door for further innovation down the line and an extension of the Kinect from more than just a sensor-based gaming accessory.”
TechInsights also conducted further study on the sensor unit that works with Kinect’s image processor, made by PrimeSense Ltd. The firm discovered that the CMOS image sensors used were provided by Aptina Imaging (the die markings on the sensors still refer to Micron Imaging, which was spun off into Aptina in 2008). The infrared camera uses the MT9M001 sensor and RGB input from the color camera features the MT9M112 sensor, TechInsights said.
Close up of the Marvell PXA 168 applications processor found inside Kinect.
Source: UBM TechInsights.
TechInsights’ recent teardown of Kinect found chips made by PrimeSense, Marvell, Texas Instruments Inc., STMicroelectronics NV and others. The firm estimates that Kinect carries a bill-of-materials of roughly $56 for the components, not including the the price of design, R&D and the $500 million Microsoft plans to spend to market the device.
Teardown of the Microsoft Kinect – Focused on Motion Capture [Chipworks, Dec 23, 2010]
Application processor An Armada Series 800 MHz application processor by Marvell was also inside the Microsoft Kinect. Interestingly, this device is typically aimed at the e-reader market
Why did MS dump Kinect processor? There was ‘no need’ for it [ComputerAndVideoGames.com, Sept 29, 2010]
Camera tracks fewer points than it did last year
It emerged in January that MS had ditched a standalone processor in the camera – which some have claimed has subsequently affected performance.
Kinect now relies on the processing power of the Xbox itself – although the platform holder has claimed that it uses “less than one per cent” of the 360’s motherboard.
“We didn’t know how much processing Kinect was going to take at the start of development,” Kinect creative boss Kudo Tsunoda told the new Xbox World 360.
“Obviously you don’t want to lose any of the things that are important to Xbox customers. Graphic fidelity is something that Xbox has always been known for, and you want to make sure that you still hit that level.
“Forza is a graphical showpiece, and we had Forza with Kinect at E3… the graphic fidelity has actually improved in some areas from what they shipped with Forza 3. It’s still running at 60 FPS and it’s supporting Kinect, so there’s just no need to have that extra processor.”
When asked why Kinect detected less points on the player’s body than it did last year, Tsunoda added:
“As you start building the stuff, you’re like: ‘Wow, to track everything in the human body we can do less points. That’s just normal game development. Anything you do with games, you want the processing power to be used as efficiently as possible to get the experience that you want.”
Kinect launches in the UK on November 10 and the US on November 4.
Microsoft drops internal Natal chip [Jan 7, 2010]
GamesIndustry.biz has learned that Microsoft has dropped a chip from its forthcoming Natal motion control system as the platform holder eyes accessible price points in the build-up to release later this year.
Kinect Downgraded To Save Money, Can’t Read Sign Language [Kotaku, Aug 11, 2010]
The patent for Microsoft’s motion-sensing camera Kinect suggested that the device could understand American Sign Language. Well, it can’t. At least, the version going on sale in November can’t.
Responding to the claims made in the patent, Microsoft has told Kotaku “We are excited about the potential of Kinect and its potential to impact gaming and entertainment. Microsoft files lots of patent applications to protect our intellectual property, not all of which are brought to market right away. Kinect that is shipping this holiday will not support sign language.”
So why did the patent suggest it could? Well, sources close to the evolution of Kinect’s development tell us it’s because the version of the hardware that’ll be available later this year isn’t as capable as was originally intended.
The original Kinect had a much higher resolution (over twice that of the final model’s 320×240), and as such, was able to not only recognise the limbs of a player as the current model version can, but their fingers as well (which the current version can’t). And when the hardware could recognise fingers, it would have been able to read sign language.
But that capability came at a cost, and while Microsoft had always intended Kinect to sell for $150, “dumbing down” the camera would have meant that Microsoft wouldn’t be losing as much money on each unit sold, an important point should Kinect prove to be a failure. So dumb it down they did, reducing the camera’s resolution (which in turn reduced the number of appendages it’d have to track) and placing the burden for some of the device’s processing on the console and not Kinect’s own hardware.
This probably isn’t the first time you’ve heard such a rumour, but this latest time at least explains why Kinect can’t read sign language!
We’ve reached out to Microsoft for comment on the matter, and will update if we hear back.
Background on Jack Kang
Jack Kang, Director, Application Processors at Marvell [LinkedIn profile, excerpted, Feb 1, 2012]
- Director, Application Processors at Marvell Semiconductor, Inc.
- Technical Marketing Manager at Marvell Semiconductor, Inc.
- Logic Design Engineer at Marvell Semiconductor, Inc.
- Design Engineer at Eureka Technology
- University of California, Berkeley
- University of California, Berkeley – Walter A. Haas School of Business
Jack is currently director of Marvell’s Application Processor Business Unit. He has been in the semiconductor business for more than seven years, holding previous positions in design engineering at several leading technology vendors. At Marvell, Mr. Kang manages multiple product lines from design conception to mass market implementation and adoption. These include the industry-leading PXA168, PXA618 and PXA510 processors, which are fueling today’s premier consumer devices.
Additionally, he oversees various market segments, including education, eReaders, gaming, tablets and other connected consumer and embeddeddevices. Most recently, Mr. Kang was responsible for the processor design powering Microsoft’s gaming console, Microsoft Kinect. This gaming console shattered sales records and was named the fastest-selling tech gadget of all time by the Guinness Book of World Records – totaling more than 10 million units since its launch in November, 2010.
[Steve Ballmer, Houston Technology Forum, March 10, 2011: “We shipped those in November. We just announced that we're over 10 million sold, in what amounts to about two-and-a-half months.”]
Outside of his work at Marvell, Mr. Kang also serves as a technical expert on CPU technology and has more than 11 patents pending in the field of CPU technology. He holds a degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley, with an emphasis in Computer Architecture.
Jack Kang, Patents and Publications [LinkedIn page, excerpted, Feb 1, 2012]
Jack Kang’s Patents
- United States Patent 7,870,372
- Issued January 11, 2011
- United States Patent 7,904,703
- Issued March 8, 2011
- United States Patent 7,941,643
- Issued May 10, 2011
- United States Patent 7,757,070
- Issued July 13, 2010
- United States Patent 7,886,131
- Issued February 8, 2011
Inventors: Jack Kang
- United States Patent 7,904,704
- Issued March 8, 2011
- United States Patent 8,032,737
- Issued October 4, 2011
- United States Patent 8,046,775
- Issued October 25, 2011
Jack Kang’s Publications
- Berkeley Innovations
- November 28, 2011
Authors: Jack Kang, Abby Cohn
Marvell’s processors for embedded systems – Discussion of the PXA510 processor and the D2Plug developer kit
Mr. Jack Kang of Marvell discusses the PXA510 ARM V7 based 800 MHz application processor with with 512 Kbytes of level 2 cache and it’s associated developer kit.
From Dewey to Digital [HigherEdTECH, Jan 6, 2011]
No more pencils?! No more books? No more teachers? On-demand digital content, do-it-yourself learning, new generation learning platforms, and new modes of assessment are disrupting traditional textbooks, grading, courses, and degrees. Is technology really a catalyst for change? Let us count the ways.
Kenneth C. Green, Founding Director, The Campus Computing Project
- Sean Devine, Chief Executive Officer, CourseSmart
- Felice Nudelman, Executive Director, Education, The New York Times Company
- William D. Rieders, Executive Vice President of Global New Media, Cengage Learning
- Jack Kang, Director, Application Processor Business Unit, Marvell
Video Records (~10 min each) of the From Dewey to Digital (Jan 6, 2011) panel discussion: